Paraguay, officially the Republic of Paraguay (in Guaraní: Tetã Paraguái), is a country located in the central area of South America. Its territory is politically divided into a capital district and 17 departments, which in turn are subdivided into 259 municipalities.
Its capital and most populated city is Asunción. Politically, it is constituted as a sovereign, legal, democratic, non-denominational and unitary State, whose form of government is a representative, participatory and pluralist democracy, founded on the recognition of human dignity.
The Executive Power is held by the President of the Republic. The president is the head of state and government of Paraguay. In addition, there is a vice president who, in the event of impediment or temporary absence of the president or permanent vacancy of said position, replaces him with all his powers. The president and vice president are jointly elected by popular vote, on the same ballot, for a five-year term, with no possibility of re-election.
H.E. Santiago Peña
president of paraguay
Paraguay borders Argentina to the southeast, south, southwest and west; with Bolivia to the north and northwest; and with Brazil to the east and northeast, with an area of 406,752 km². Its territory is characterized by two different regions separated by the Paraguay River, the Oriental, which is the most populated, and the Occidental, which is part of the Boreal Chaco.
Although it is a landlocked state, it has 10 coasts, 11 beaches, and 12 ports on the Paraná and Paraguay rivers, which give access to the Atlantic Ocean through the Paraná-Paraguay Waterway; this waterway, is a fluvial transport route which extends from Brazil to Uruguay, passing through Paraguay.
Paraguay is the world's leading net exporter of electrical energy, it is the world's leading exporter of organic sugar, it is the third largest producer and exporter of yerba mate (ilex paraguayensis) and it has the third largest fleet of barges in the world.
The Paraguayan Constitution declares it as a multicultural and bilingual country, establishing Spanish and Guaraní as official languages. The latter is spoken in the country by 87% of its inhabitants and its oral and written use is regulated by the Academy of the Guaraní Language.
The average annual temperature is between 20 and 25 ° C in the country, increasing from south to north. Rainfall is variable depending on the region. For example, towards the southeast of Paraguay, rainfall is abundant in all months (> 1700 mm / year). Towards the north-central region of the Eastern Region, and the tropical region of the Chaco, rainfall drops considerably during the winter season (1300 mm / year). In the semi-arid region of the Chaco, rainfall is practically nil in the winter season (<800 mm / year). In general, the highest rainfall of the year falls in summer.
Extreme maximum temperatures in summer can exceed 40 ° C (record 45 ° C in 2009), and minimum temperatures in winter can drop below 0 ° C (record -7 ° C in 2000). The seasons are not well defined due to the prevailing heat that occurs most of the year and the proximity to the tropic of Capricorn. The difference in temperature between the warmest and the coldest month is approximately 10 ° C.
In 1984, the Itaipu Dam began operating, it is the second largest hydroelectric dam in the world, and it was the result of a cooperation between Paraguay and Brazil, which made Paraguay one of the largest energy exporters. The dam has 20 turbines and an installed capacity of 14,000 MW shared equally between Paraguay and Brazil. In 2004, Paraguay consumed 16% of its energy and the rest was exported to Brazil. Another very important Dam is Yacyretá, equipped with 20 turbines and an installed capacity of 3,100 MW. Paraguay and Argentina share energy generated in Yacyretá.
Despite being miles apart, Paraguay and Australia have positive relations and have more in common than one might think. Click below to learn more about our engagement with the Land Down Under.
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Paraguay, the heart of South America, is known for the hospitality and warmth of its people and the beauty of its colors. Most of the colourful images in this website were sourced from the designers of Yluux.com, Tetsu Espósito and Elton Núñez, to whom we are deeply grateful. Click on the following images to expand them. If you wish to see more images, click on the following link and you will be re-directed to their website: Yluux.com.
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